The Knapp, Bredwardine

This is very exciting and hopefully will connect with our work at Eaton Camp; in any case it allows us to get extra experience in hands-on archaeology. Below is Chirs’ invitation, some details of the project and information for volunteers. Do email Chris direct at catkinson@herefordshire.gov.uk  if you’d like to be involved. I’m certainly going to volunteer :-).
 

From Chris Atkinson – Community Archaeologist, Herefordshire Archaeology

The Knapp, Bredwardine

I would like to invite you all to become involved with the Herefordshire Archaeology and Manchester University led investigation at ‘The Knapp’, Bredwardine.  In a ‘nut shell’ it will be an excavation of a potentially prehistoric enclosure with evidence of later activity dating to the medieval period.

Within the attached documents you will find a general run down of events including timings etc.  One point I have missed out is that concerning parking.  Spaces are limited but parking is possible along the lane to St Andrews Church, Bredwardine (SO 33420 44510).  From there it is a short, 5 minute walk to the Red Lion pub where transport will be provided to site.
For you information the grid number of ‘The Knapp’ is: SO 32450 44670.
I look forward to hearing from you soon.
Kind Regards
Christopher Atkinson

About the Project …

The Knapp Excavation

Herefordshire Archaeology and the Bredwardine and Brobury History Society thank Mike Jones who owns Knapp Farm, Bredwardine, Herefordshire for allowing access to ‘The Knapp’, Bredwardine in order to carry out a community led archaeological investigation that will commence from 25th June 2011 to 17th July 2011.

The project will be centred at the summit of ‘The Knapp’ with the aim of investigating firstly the possible location of a structure associated to the development of medieval Bredwardine (SMR 15706).  Secondly, following the past discovery of prehistoric flint tools as well as stone axe fragments there is a considerable chance for there being a prehistoric, possibly Neolithic settlement on ‘The Knapp’, if so this would widen our knowledge on the dispersal of early societies within the county and region.

The investigation will involve an initial geophysical survey in order to identify any buried archaeology.  This will be quickly followed by a detailed survey that will plan the general topography of ‘The Knapp’.  This information will be of great importance, allowing for the accurate plotting of trench locations for future reference and final report of works.

A total of four trenches are planned for excavation on ‘The Knapp’ with a maximum dimension of 4m x 4m or 6m x 2m, this will depend on the nature of the topography and results of the geophysics.  The process of excavation will see the cutting of turf into blocks and careful stacking up to 3m away from the trench edge.  The excavated spoil will be placed separate to the turf again away from the trench edge by no less that 3m.  At the end of excavation all of the spoil will be placed back into the trench by hand and the turfs placed back into position.

Volunteer info …

Dear Willing Volunteer,

On behalf of Herefordshire Archaeology and Manchester University I would like to invite you to participate in excavations at ‘The Knapp’, Bredwardine in order to carry out an archaeological investigation that will commence from Monday 27th June 2011 to Sunday 17th July 2011.

The project will be centred at the summit of ‘The Knapp’ with the aim of investigating firstly the possible location of a structure associated to the development of medieval Bredwardine (SMR 15706).  Secondly, following the past discovery of prehistoric flint tools as well as stone axe fragments there is a considerable chance for there being a prehistoric, possibly Neolithic settlement on ‘The Knapp’, if so this would widen our knowledge on the dispersal of early societies within the county and region.

The investigation will involve an initial geophysical survey in order to identify any buried archaeology.  This will be quickly followed by a detailed survey that will plan the general topography of ‘The Knapp’.  This information will be of great importance, allowing for the accurate plotting of trench locations for future reference and final report of works.

A total of five trenches are planned for excavation on ‘The Knapp’ with a maximum dimension of 4m x 4m or 6m x 2m, this will depend on the nature of the topography and results of the geophysics.  The process of excavation will see the cutting of turf into blocks and careful stacking up to 3m away from the trench edge.  The excavated spoil will be placed separate to the turf again away from the trench edge by no less that 3m.  At the end of excavation all of the spoil will be placed back into the trench by hand and the turfs placed back into position.

The excavation will be supervised by both myself and Lara Bishop of Manchester University’s Archaeology Team.  We will provide full training and equipment to all volunteers involved, of whom there will be a maximum of ten each day not including the five students from Manchester University.

Throughout the excavation tools will be provided by Herefordshire Archaeology and Manchester University.  However if you own your own trowel, please do bring it as they are a popular item and we never seem to have quite enough!!

On the issue of insurance, the excavation will be covered through Herefordshire Council’s, public and property liability insurance (this includes all volunteers – as long as you sign in at the start of each day).

At the end of the investigation the results will be made available through an archaeological report, a copy of which will be made available as a pdf online.

Things you should bring:

  1. Trowel (if possible)
  2. Digging gloves
  3. Knee pads or kneeling mat
  4. Suitable clothing (remembering that it rains … it is summer after all)
  5. Sun block
  6. Hat
  7. Hardy footwear/walking boots
  8. Bottle of water/tea/coffee
  9. Packed Lunch
  10. A Chair!!

The investigations will run six days a week, with Saturday being a day off.  The day will begin at 0845hrs and run through to between 1630hrs and 1700hrs.  Of course, you are not tied to these hours so if you must leave early or start later that is not a problem, I just need prior warning.

With the exception of the first two days a mini-bus will be set on from the Red Lion Pub each morning from 0845hrs and will transport you to site.  During the first two days I will ferry people to and from site in my car.

If you would like to participate in the investigations please contact me to let me know which days you would like to do.  My details are at the top of this letter.  There should be the capacity for ten volunteers a day so there’s plenty of opportunities for you all to get involved.

I look forward to hearing from you and hopefully seeing you all soon.

Chris Atkinson – Community Archaeologist, Herefordshire Archaeology

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